Profession instrumentation fitter
Modern high-tech production cannot do without various instrumentation, sensors and other automated control devices. A special service is engaged in the maintenance, adjustment and repair of all this equipment, the main working link of which is rightfully considered an instrumentation locksmith.
Average salary: 50,000 rubles per month
Demand 44% Payability 49% Competition 36% Entry barrier 39% Perspectives 48% An instrumentation locksmith (decoding of the abbreviation – instrumentation and automation) is a skilled worker who oversees the normal functioning and serviceability of such equipment at the enterprise. ContentDescription of the professionWhat specialties to studyThe best colleges and courses for trainingResponsibilities at workWho suitsHow much getHow to build a careerProfession prospectsRelated VideosComments
Description of the profession
An instrumentation locksmith is noticeably different from his colleagues who work in other production areas (repairmen, mechanical assemblers) in that the work he does is “cleaner” and more varied. He can be engaged in repairing small mechanisms using miniature screwdrivers, and rather large measuring units using a pipe wrench, chisel and hammer. But on the whole, the Kipovian locksmith is considered a “white collar” among workers.
The concept of instrumentation and control includes a wide variety of automation and control equipment that can be used in production and in domestic conditions:
thermometers; • pressure gauges (in boilers, pipelines);flow meters such as water and electricity meters;level gauges showing the degree of filling the tank with liquid or bulk products;gas analyzers indicating the composition of gas mixtures, etc.
Each group of devices has varieties depending on the principle of their operation and design. In production, devices can be used to manufacture products or to control their compliance with TU or GOST. All this equipment must be constantly monitored by metrological supervision, adjusted, maintained and repaired. It is the maintenance of all automatic systems in working order that is the responsibility of an instrumentation locksmith.
As a rule, such a master is allocated a special well-lit wiring table with supplied current sources (both alternating and direct), on which the device is repaired and checked. The working toolkit includes a soldering station (or a soldering iron). Serious firms have a locksmith’s tool, workbench, lathe and computer for storing technical documentation and making the necessary calculations.
What specialties to study
To get the profession of instrumentation locksmith, it is enough to graduate from a technical school or college in one of the specialties:
locksmith for instrumentation and automation;automatic control systems;master (adjuster) of instrumentation and automation.
For admission, it is enough to pass the competition of certificates. Training for instrumentation locksmith involves mastering such disciplines as mechanics, drawing, materials science, microelectronics, electrical engineering, production automation, etc. Those who are not ready for this should better try their hand at other profiles.
The best colleges and courses for training
You can master the profession of an instrumentation locksmith in most technical colleges, for example, in such colleges:
College of Modern Technologies. M.F. Panova (Moscow). Here adjusters and locksmiths are trained, taking into account the needs of the economy of the capital and the Moscow region. Employment is possible at Metrostroy JSC, Mosgortrans State Unitary Enterprise, ISB-Engineering LLC and in other companies. The duration of the course after grade 11 is 10 months, after grade 9 – 2 years 10 months.Omsk Industrial and Economic College is one of the leading educational institutions in the region, which trains skilled workers. Ssuz maintains contacts with potential employers throughout the country, for example, Yamalkommunenergo, Omskvodokanal, LLC Electromontazhnoe upravlenie No. 7 (Krasnodar).The Krasnoyarsk Technical School of Welding Technologies and Power Engineering has a good material and technical base that allows it to keep up with the times, meeting all the needs of the modern economy. An instrumentation locksmith leaving the walls of the college will not be left without work.Samara Technical School of Aviation and Industrial Engineering named after DI Kozlova trains specialists in automated control systems for high-tech enterprises not only in the region, but throughout the country. Duration of training on the basis of 9 classes – 3 years 10 months.South Ural State College (Chelyabinsk) trains foremen for the installation, maintenance and operation of ACS (automatic control systems) and electronic equipment. Here they teach skills to work with specialized programs. Ssuz cooperates with the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation and the South Ural State Humanitarian and Pedagogical University.
Also, the profession of a mechanic of instrumentation and automation can be obtained in training centers that train workers. A few examples:
The Center for Professional Training (TsPPK, Tyumen) trains specialists of 2–6 grades remotely without interrupting work. Based on the results of training, he sends a certificate, a state-recognized certificate and an extract from the minutes of the meeting of the qualification commission. CPPK cooperates with the companies Russian Railways, Lukoil, Sberbank, Gazprom Burenie, BenTec.The Center for Training and Attestation (TsPiA, Moscow) conducts both primary training of workers and advanced training. Classes are held in person on weekdays. Practical specialists in metrology and automation teach at the Central Control and Monitoring Center. The partners of the Center are Podolsk Plant of Electrical Installation Products, Shcherbinsky Elevator Building Plant, NPO Unikhimtek and other enterprises.
The duration of training depends on the program (basic, advanced) and the form of classes. The price is based on the number of listeners.
Responsibilities at work
The instrumentation locksmith performs the duties specified in his job description, the content of which depends on the specifics of the enterprise, the category and experience of the foreman. The functions of workers are fundamentally different at an aviation plant and in the housing and communal sector, but in any case, the main tasks can be ranked:
assembly, testing, adjustment, defect detection and repair of various devices (calculating, electrodynamic, heat measuring, optical-mechanical, etc.);fitting and finishing of parts using locksmithing;drawing up connecting diagrams and their installation;various types of soldering (copper, silver and other solders);determination of the hardness of a metal product using a tared file;heat treatment of parts for their subsequent finishing;setting the error during the testing of the device (relative and absolute);coloring devices;preparation of certificates and passports for equipment, drawing up lists of defective ones.
All locksmiths of instrumentation and automation have qualification categories from 2 to 8, a graduate of a college or educational plant is most often assigned a second. To assign it, you will have to stay in a workplace at the enterprise, undergo responsible duplication and testing, sometimes the candidate may be given emergency training. The second-class instrumentation and control mechanic requires the ability to regulate and repair simple devices (electromagnetic, heat measuring and magnetoelectric), perform plumbing of individual parts and installation of simple devices. Most often, a newcomer is looked after by a more experienced craftsman.
Professionals of 7-8 categories understand microprocessor technology, they can independently build a control system, they know electronic computers, telemechanics. They are able to find problems in unique multi-component systems and fix them using existing or self-developed corrective and test programs.
The instrumentation locksmith receives the following discharges in order after:
a certain time of work in the position;passing a refresher course in the main specialty, safety precautions, rules for operating electrical installations and working with tools, production instructions;passing certification exams.
The results are recorded in the protocols of knowledge testing and qualification certificates. Employees of enterprises are interested in improving their knowledge, since a higher level “crust” will allow them to perform complex work and receive a decent salary.
In general, the employer expects the following knowledge and skills from the candidate:
knowledge of the basics of basic natural sciences (physics, mathematics, chemistry) and applied subjects (drawing, materials science);understanding of the device and the principle of operation of the serviced equipment, as well as the production processes provided by these devices;the ability to read technical documentation, diagrams and drawings of varying complexity;possession of basic tools (soldering iron, file, pliers) and their use in practice;knowledge of landings and tolerances, properties of materials, conductive and insulating;the ability to measure resistance in various parts of the circuit;strict adherence to instructions;compliance with safety requirements, as well as labor protection.
The profession of an instrumentation locksmith can be of interest to men and women who have a technical mindset and like to tinker with different devices. Persons who have reached the age of majority, have undergone special training and have no contraindications for health 123helpme.me reasons are allowed to work. People with problems of the musculoskeletal system, cardiovascular system, impaired coordination of movements will not be able to pass the medical examination.
For successful work, a Kipovtsa needs personal qualities such as:
a responsibility;organization and consistency;scrupulousness and accuracy;spatial imagination;physical endurance and mental stability;technical thinking;good memory and ability to concentrate;clear coordination of movements and developed fine motor skills of the hands.
If there is only one locksmith at the enterprise, then he needs to be able to properly plan his schedule and distribute tasks throughout the day. At large factories, special teams are involved in servicing equipment, so you need to be able to work as part of a team.
The advantages of the profession are relatively good working conditions, respect in the team. Cons – a high level of responsibility, the need to meet the ever-increasing requirements of sophisticated technology.
How much get
On average in Russia, an instrumentation locksmith earns 40-50 thousand rubles, although the level of income strongly depends on the company and the category of the master. Some professionals are looking for work in remote parts of the country, where they can get much more. Thus, in the Republic of Sakha, Kamchatka Territory, Sakhalin and Magadan Regions, employers are ready to pay 85-100 thousand rubles to good employees.
How to build a career
Considering that a locksmith is a working specialty, the main career growth is to improve qualifications and expand their professional capabilities. You can grow to a site or workshop foreman, but in order to make an administrative career, you will have to go to university and receive an engineering or managerial diploma.
In modern industry and many types of services, automatic systems perform most of the functions. The role of a person is increasingly reduced to installation, commissioning, equipment monitoring and repair. Therefore, the profession of an instrumentation locksmith in the coming years will be relevant, however, the requirements for the knowledge of employees will increase with the complexity of instruments. With insufficient qualifications, a worker’s mistake can cost the company large losses and long downtime.
Author: Alexey Kuznetsov